RESOLUTION 99-11

Resolution on Indoor Air Quality

Adopted on November 7, 1999 by the National Association of County and City Health Officials

WHEREAS, the public stays indoors an average of 90 percent of the time with 65 percent spent in the home ; and

WHEREAS, indoor air pollutant levels can exceed outdoor levels by two to five times and exposures to indoor air pollutants can cause or contribute to lung disease, including respiratory tract infections, asthma, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, and lung cancer; and

WHEREAS, asthma cases totaled 15 million in 1994, reflecting a 75 percent increase since 1980 and a 160 percent increase for very young children and asthma disproportionately affects African-American children ; and

WHEREAS, many indoor air quality (IAQ) related health problems can be prevented through regular maintenance of facilities and implementation of best practices;

THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the National Association of County and City Health Officials advocates for national, state and local policies, regulations, research and resources that will enhance local public health agencies abilities to address IAQ through:

Promotion of best practices such as preventive maintenance and cleaning, control of allergens, the clean-up/remediation of mold, integrated pest management, and use of low or no toxic materials in the office and home;

Implementation of indoor air quality prevention management programs (e.g., EPA's Tools for Schools toolkit) in school and daycare facilities;

Elimination of involuntary exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and radon through education, legislation, and regulation;

Development of asthma control and prevention programs targeting children, particularly minorities, in partnership with hospitals, community groups, and other stakeholders;

Tracking of asthma morbidity and mortality rates among children and adults, particularly among minority populations; and

Promotion of policies and programs to eliminate conditions that cause IAQ related health disparities.

Adopted by NACCHO Board of Directors

November 7, 1999

Updated September 2003

1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, The Inside Story: A Guide to Indoor Air Quality, 1995

2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; "Surveillance for Asthma -- United States, 1960-1995;" Vol. 47/No.SS-1; Apr. 24, 1998.